Oracle Database 12c Creating a Recovery Catalog

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Welcome to this informative article about creating a recovery catalog in Oracle Database 12c. In this article, we will explore the importance of a recovery catalog and the steps to create one. By following these steps, you can ensure the efficient recovery of your Oracle database in the event of a failure. Let’s dive in!

Why Create a Recovery Catalog?

Before we jump into the process of creating a recovery catalog, it’s essential to understand why it is beneficial in the first place. While Oracle databases store key metadata in the control file, there are several advantages to using a recovery catalog. Let’s take a look at some of the reasons why creating a recovery catalog is crucial:

  1. Centralized Storage: A recovery catalog provides a centralized location for storing backup and recovery information. This allows for better management and organization of recovery-related data.

  2. Enhanced Backup and Recovery: With a recovery catalog, you can track and manage all the backups and recoveries performed on your database, making it easier to perform point-in-time recoveries and restore specific data.

  3. Separation of Concerns: By creating a recovery catalog, you separate the backup and recovery tasks from the database itself. This separation improves security and reduces the risk of losing critical recovery information.

Now that we understand the benefits of having a recovery catalog let’s proceed with the step-by-step process of creating one.

Steps to Create a Recovery Catalog

Follow these steps to create a recovery catalog in Oracle Database 12c:

  1. Check Environment Variables: Ensure that your environment variables are correctly pointing to the target database before creating the recovery catalog.

  2. Login to Sigma Plus: To begin the process, log in to Sigma Plus as a privileged user.

  3. Create Test Tablespace: Create a test tablespace that will be used for the recovery catalog.

  4. Create Recovery Catalog Owner: Create a user who will be the owner of the recovery catalog. Grant the necessary privileges to this user.

  5. Connect with the Newly Created User: Connect to the database using the newly created recovery catalog user.

  6. Create the Recovery Catalog: Execute the necessary commands to create the recovery catalog. Ensure that all the required information is provided accurately.

  7. Exit and Reconnect to the Target Database: Exit the recovery catalog user session and reconnect to the target database.

  8. Register the Database: Connect to both the target database and the recovery catalog, and execute the “register database” command. This step allows the target database to be registered with the recovery catalog.

Congratulations! You have successfully created a recovery catalog for your Oracle Database 12c.


In this article, we learned about the importance of a recovery catalog and the step-by-step process of creating one in Oracle Database 12c. By following these instructions, you can ensure better management and organization of your database backups and recoveries. Remember, a recovery catalog provides centralized storage, enhanced backup and recovery capabilities, and separation of concerns. By creating a recovery catalog, you can protect your database from potential failures and ensure its smooth operation. Thank you for reading!

Keywords: RMAN Recovery Catalog, Oracle Database 12c, Backup and Recovery, Oracle Recovery Catalog, Database Management